Diamond Standard on Thursday presented data that a 40 mph moderate-offset crash test of one of its CAPA-certified bumpers led to a 2009 Honda Fit seeing intrusions within the IIHS’ “Good” range.
A chart included with a press release Thursday indicates that some intrusion measurements exceeded those found on an unmodified 2009 Honda Fit the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety crash-tested in 2008. Others appeared to show less intrusion than the “control” vehicle. None of the higher-intrusion measurements seemed to be out of the normal variance the IIHS has observed with unaltered cars being crash tested. All data points were within the range considered “Good.”
The test of the Certified Automotive Parts Association-certified aftermarket bumper was likely done in response to a December 2017 40 mph moderate-overlap crash test attorney Todd Tracy conducted of a 2013 Fit bearing multiple aftermarket parts. (The 2009-13 design generation of Honda Fits are structurally identical for crash-testing purposes, according to the IIHS.)
Tracy declared that the aftermarket parts, which included an NSF-certified bumper beam, led to increased risk to the occupants. (Burl Richards, owner of the body shop which prepared the vehicle said he wanted to get all CAPA-certified parts, but some weren’t available.)
The IIHS has said that Tracy’s results might indicate increased toepan intrusion risk and did suggest increased risk to the driver’s femur, but all the results were within its “Good” range for occupant protection and evaluating vehicles for moderate-overlap crashworthiness.
The IIHS also noted that many of Tracy’s results fell within the normal variance once would expect from crash-testing unmodified Honda Fits. None of the intrusion data shared by Diamond Standard appears to have exceeded the range that the IIHS suggests could be found on control 2009-13 Honda Fits. That’s an argument that the Diamond Standard bumper was “like kind and quality” on top of delivering overall “Good” safety.
“In 1998, IIHS engineers examined the repeatability of the moderate overlap front test. Engineers observed differences in HICs, ranging from 17 to 73 across four comparisons,” the IIHS wrote. “Left femur compression differed by as much as 700 N in repeated tests. Measures of intrusion at the footrest, left and center toepan and brake pedal varied by 6, 8, 7 and 5 centimeters, respectively, across seven comparisons. Left and right instrument panel intrusion varied by up to 9 centimeters, and the A-to-B-pillar measure varied by as much as 11 cm across the same seven pairs of tests.”
Diamond Standard didn’t release any data regarding the fate of the dummy or dummies inside the vehicle or on other variables examined by Tracy and the IIHS.
The manufacturer didn’t directly interpret the results found by MGA Design Research Corporation in the Feb. 21, 2018, test, but Diamond Standard appeared to view the test as a success.
“Here causality was isolated in a true scientific test protocol,” Diamond Standard President Michael O’Neal said in a statement. “Component testing for Diamond Standard was designed by the late Jim Hackney, Former NHTSA Director of Crashworthiness and Father of the 5 Star Crash Rating System still in use worldwide to this day.
“As a final note, one couldn’t help but notice the toughness of a 10 year old Honda Fit in a violent 40 mph test.”
The test car had 81,704 miles before meeting its end Feb. 21.
Diamond Standard reported that MGA bought the Fit and handled the testing in accordance with the IIHS protocol. (Like Tracy test firm KARCO Engineering, MGA is a NHTSA-approved crash test facility.) A “local ICAR Technician at MGA’s Request” installed the bumper beam, according to the news release.
An unspecified “current ICAR Board Member” was present to observe the test, the press release stated.
Some of Tracy’s aftermarket parts, including the bumper reinforcement beam, didn’t fit properly, and Burl’s Collision and Tracy decided not to force them to fit. Diamond Standard didn’t state who selected the test bumper beam or if there were any fit issues; Tracy’s had been purchased from LKQ, according to Burl’s Collision.
CAPA, NSF and Keystone have all in the past been approached for comment on Tracy’s test but have not responded.
The IIHS in evaluating Tracy’s test observed that his test results could only be applied to the specific aftermarket parts he used, a point which would presumably be the case for the Diamond Standard 2009-13 Honda Fit bumper beams (or other IIHS aftermarket and “cosmetic” crash testing, for that matter).
“The use of particular non-OEM repair parts in the 2013 Fit may have contributed to differences in crash test results compared with the control tests,” the IIHS wrote. “However, these results pertain only to the parts used in the Karco Fit tests in question, and not the use of non-OEM parts in general.”
By that logic, neither aftermarket parts critics or advocates can declare a win based on a single crash test, and the IIHS itself stresses that it’s not saying all imitation parts are good. This raises the question of how the insurer, consumer or the repairer bearing liability for parts choices (though Diamond Standard and LKQ offer offer partial and full indemnity, respectively) is expected to determine the quality of the other thousands of aftermarket parts on the market.
Diamond Standard altered a single item on the vehicle for the crash test, which arguably seems to introduce fewer variables and related noise into the crash test than Tracy’s testing did.
However, insurers often don’t write for just a single aftermarket part on a customer’s vehicle, and as Tracy notes, OEMs design multiple components to work a safety system. Therefore, while Diamond Standard’s 2009-13 Honda Fit bumpers might be fine, there’s no guarantee that an estimate for a Honda Fit bearing a Diamond Standard bumper but a bunch of other uncertified aftermarket parts will deliver the same crash-test performance to a customer.
If each individual part was close enough to the OEM original, “the repaired system should behave the way the original behaved,” IIHS Chief Research Officer David Zuby has said.
This would have to be taken to some degree on faith.
“No one would have the resources to crash all the different combinations of all the different parts,” Zuby said. “… No one’s done that.”
Not even automakers have looked at crash-testing models repaired with every possible combination of new OEM parts, Zuby said.
“That would be an impossible task,” he said.
Finally, Diamond Standard and even the IIHS have yet to test parts with the small-offset protocol released in 2012 (or the new small-offset passenger safety test the IIHS is introducing). Tracy hasn’t either, but the burden of proof in this case seems to be on the aftermarket parts advocates, as a) Tracy’s already raised issues with aftermarket parts crash performance on an arguably easier test and b) the OEM parts have already been tested.
Asked to respond to the Diamond Standard news release, Tracy wrote in an email:
Anyone can make slick qraphics— …
However, the proof is in the analysis
Wheres the vehicle for viewing
Wheres the entire crash test report
Wheres the post test photographs
Where the load cell data plots for various components
Wheres the injury numbers …
Where are the photographs, measurements and analysis of the tested part before the test
We have no assurance it’s a mass produced part …
Without having access to the part pre and post test, this test is worthless
I see no transparency from Diamond Standard that would allow anyone outside their cult or gang so we can verify what they say is true or untrue
Tracy released additional information and ultimately his entire data set in the days and weeks following his own crash test, and while disagreeing with his conclusions, the IIHS praised his transparency. Presumably Diamond Standard will do the same (it’s released more extensive results in the past), and it’ll be interesting to see how some of these questions get answered.
Diamond Standard, March 8, 2018
Diamond Standard, Jan. 23, 2018
Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Feb. 15, 2018
Diamond Standard announced Thursday that a 40 mph moderate-offset crash test of one of its CAPA-certified bumpers led to a 2009 Honda Fit seeing intrusions within the IIHS’ “Good” range. (Provided by Diamond Standard)
Diamond Standard announced Thursday that a 40 mph moderate-offset crash test of one of its CAPA-certified bumpers led to a 2009 Honda Fit seeing intrusions within the IIHS’ “Good” range — as opposed to a less-successful aftermarket parts-carrying Fit crash-tested by attorney Todd Tracy. (Provided by Diamond Standard, Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Tracy Law Firm)
Diamond Standard announced Thursday that a 40 mph moderate-offset crash test of one of its CAPA-certified bumpers led to a 2009 Honda Fit seeing intrusions within the IIHS’ “Good” range. (Provided by Diamond Standard, Insurance Institute for Highway Safety)
A 2013 Honda Fit received a moderate-overlap crash test while sporting imitation components included Certified Automotive Parts Association-certified fenders and a CAPA-certified hood; a NSF-certified bumper reinforcement beam; an uncertified aftermarket radiator support, windshield and drivers-side front wheel; and two uncertified aftermarket hood hinges, according to experiment contributor Burl’s Collision. (Provided by Tracy Law Firm)